Persistence: Continuing the Struggle for Suffrage and Equality, 1848-2020

The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution passed in Congress on June 4, 1919. It was ratified, or approved, by three-fourths of the states on August 18, 1920. In thirty-nine words, women gained the right to vote throughout the country. At that time, and still today, some states make voting more difficult for some African American, Native American, and newly immigrated women and men. Minnesota women worked in the struggle for suffrage as early as the 1860s. They formed organizations to educate legislators and the public about the need for equal suffrage. They raised money, organized parades, and brought in speakers from across the country and Europe to support the cause. Many of these women also worked for other causes, such as child labor laws, labor rights, prohibition, birth control, race relations, and world peace. The activist women featured here, and so many more, PERSISTED, understanding that social change often requires great struggle over decades. Artwork: "Theresa Peyton" by Klaire A. Lockheart.

To the Exhibition

Related Programs

The Ramsey County Historical Society, along with our partners, have created a series of events and History Revealed programs around the Persistence: Continuing the Struggle for Suffrage and Equality, 1848-2020 exhibition. For Upcoming Programs, see the main RCHS webapage. Recordings of past programs are available on our YouTube channel, listed on the linked page.

Related Programs

Women's March on Washington 2017

RCHS member Judy Kishel participated in the Women’s March on Washington in 2017. Hundreds of thousands of women all over the country marched for equal rights, and thousands more traveled to Washington D. C. to participate in the march on the U.S. Capitol. Judy Kishel shares her memories and photos from that eventful day in Washington D.C.

Memories of the Women's March on Washington 2017

Our Sponsors

Ramsey County Historical Society

The Ramsey County Historical Society is a 501(c)3 non-profit that presents, preserves and publishes the history of Ramsey County. RCHS owns and operates Gibbs Farm.

Visit RCHS Website